The Neighborhood Gardener – June 2019

The summer solstice is Friday, June 21, marking the official start of the season.

This month in The Neighborhood Gardener:

Yellow and green palmate leaf of cassavaHeat Tolerant Vegetables – As spring gives way to summer and the temperatures rise, finding edible plants to grow in your garden can be a real challenge. Turning to some of the lesser-known vegetables can be just what Florida gardeners need to keep their edible gardens producing through the summer heat. Learn more about heat tolerant vegetables like cassava, malanga, winged bean, Malabar spinach, and amaranth.

A tiny brown frog sitting in the palm of a handFlorida’s Native Frogs – Gardeners can be particularly in tune with nature. While working or playing outdoors you might see—or even hear—frogs in your garden. Frogs are beneficial creatures to be sure; in their adult stage they are voracious insect consumers. Florida is home to a large number of native frogs, 27 species to be exact, belonging to five different families. Learn more about the terrestrial, arboreal, and aquatic frog species found in Florida.
(Photo: Little grass frog, Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.org)

Woody roots of mangrove trees reaching into dark waterMarvelous Mangroves — Mangroves are an essential part of the coastal ecosystem. They are a keystone species, providing essential services that act as the base for the entire estuarine community. Out of the approximately seventy species of mangroves that are classified in the world, three live in Florida. These three species are from distinct genera, since “mangrove” is often a term used to describe both an ecosystem and a type of plant. The three native mangrove trees found in Florida are black mangrove, white mangrove, and red mangrove.

State Master Gardener program coordinator Wendy WilberWendy’s Wanderings — As I have been traveling around the state from the panhandle to subtropical South Florida, I have been hearing from gardeners that “we didn’t have much of a winter.” It is true we Florida gardeners didn’t experience a cold winter and that means our plants in the landscape and the vegetable garden are well ahead of the game. But you know who else didn’t have much of a winter? The six-legged pests that like to feed in our yards and gardens.

Deep green oval leaf with yellow veinsPlant of the Month: Sanchezia — Gardeners are often on the lookout for plants that will shine in the shade, and sanchezia is one such plant. This low-maintenance shrub thrives in Central and South Florida; farther north, it will be killed to the ground by frost or freeze, but recovers once temperatures warm up again. Sanchezia performs best in shade and is great for planting underneath a tree canopy. It’s also tolerant of salt spray.

Small brownish green caterpillar on a blade of grassTurfgrass Pests — When it comes to turfgrass, damage can be caused by a variety of factors. As with so much, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of treatment. However, if you have a damaged lawn and you think a pest has been munching on the turfgrass, be sure you discover who the culprit is before you work to remedy the situation. Knowing which pest you are dealing with will determine which course of treatment is best. Learn more about pests of Florida turfgrass, including chafer beetles and fall armyworms.

Red and yellow swirl indicating a hurricane on a radar mapJune in Your Garden — June marks the start of hurricane season and this is the perfect time to make sure your landscape is prepared. There is no time like the present to make sure your trees are as healthy as possible. Take some time now to get any necessary pruning done. And speaking of pruning, June is a great month to prune those azalea plants, as waiting too long can hurt blooming for the next year.

Read the full June issue.

Or subscribe today, and receive it directly by e-mail.

The Neighborhood Gardener – May 2019

Sun rising over a lake which reflects the oranges and pinks of the sunrise

May means lots of plant sales and festivals – happy gardening!

This month in The Neighborhood Gardener:

An retention pond with lilypads and grasses, in front of a line of McMansionsProtecting Florida’s Water – The Earth is covered with water, but despite its abundance this resource is limited. In a state with so much access to water, it is easy to understand why we must all do our part to protect this vital resource. Gardeners can help protect and preserve the waters of Florida in many ways. Read on for more about preserving our water resources in Florida and some of the Florida-Friendly Landscaping™ Principles that address protecting water in the state.

A tiny fig leaf budding from the tree with sun shining through itWhat Can Your Plants Do for You? – Have you ever sat and considered what your plants are doing for you? Plants can be used in a number of ways; they can provide you with fresh food, beautiful scenery, lovely aromas, and much more. Factoring in how a plant will be used when designing your garden will create a more functional, energy-efficient landscape. We list some of the functions plants can serve and how to pick the right ones to fulfill all your landscape needs.

A brightly colored hibiscus with orange, yellow, and red in the petalsHibiscus — Hibiscus evokes an image of a vivid tropical paradise, with flowers that come in a rainbow of colors. Tropical hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) is what’s commonly seen in garden centers and landscapes. However, there are about 35 species of native hibiscus, also called rosemallows, in the United States. One hibiscus native to Florida, Hibiscus coccineus, is also known as the scarlet rosemallow, marsh hibiscus, or swamp mallow.

State Master Gardener program coordinator Wendy WilberWendy’s Wanderings — When you think of Sarasota you think of the beautiful beaches and lush tropical landscaping. Please also think of the amazing 150 Master Gardener Volunteers there that share their passion of tropical landscaping, edible gardening and community outreach with the residents of Sarasota County. The MGV group is led by Dr. Pat Williams and they are headquartered at the UF/IFAS Sarasota Extension Office off of Clark road. They were recently recognized by the Sarasota County commissioners for their impact in the community.

Tropical looking plant with long strappy leavesPlant of the Month: Bird’s Nest Fern — Bird’s nest fern can be grown indoors or outside. Large, stemless, bright-green fronds slowly uncurl from the center of this plant giving it a nest-like appearance. Native to tropical Asia, bird’s nest fern thrives in Florida’s humid climate in zones 9 to 11; plants in zone 9 will need freeze protection. Plant it in an area with partial to full shade and rich soil. This epiphyte makes a lush addition to the landscape, where it can shine as a specimen or a container plant, or indoors as a houseplant.

Plant with small new flowers on it after being deadheadedDeadheading: Not as Scary as it Sounds — Keeping your flowers looking fresh can help you be sure your landscape is looking its best. Deadheading can make a huge difference in your landscape with a minimal effort, something any gardener could rejoice over. Matt Orwat, Horticulture Extension Agent for Washington County explains the basics of deadheading. (Photo of coneflower, Matt Orwatt UF/IFAS Extension)

Deep purple torenia flowerMay in Your Garden — Summer is coming, and if you’re adding plants to your landscape be sure they can take the heat. Coleus, salvia, torenia, wax begonia, and ornamental peppers are a few of the ornamentals that can handle the high temperatures in South Florida. For heat-loving herbs, try basil, oregano, Mexican tarragon, or rosemary.

Read the full May issue.

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May the Fourth Be… Orange Juice?

Oranges, photo by Tyler Jones UF/IFAS 2018. All rights reserved.

It’s May the Fourth and that means…

It’s National OJ Day!

And why not celebrate orange juice? It’s delicious and a good source of nutrients, including vitamin C, potassium, folate and thiamin.

Florida citrus is a centuries-old, multi-billion-dollar-a-year industry that employs hundreds of thousands of Floridians.

Something that important has a lot of research going on to support it. The UF IFAS Citrus Research and Education Center​ (CREC) is unique among research centers in that it focuses entirely on one commodity, citrus.

These days, most research is focused on greening, a disease devastating the state’s citrus industry. Since greening – or huanglongbing (HLB) — was first reported in here in 2005, Florida’s citrus production has shrunk by more than 70 percent, according to UF/IFAS research. Researchers at the CREC study ways to help growers cope with the disease, including research on artificial intelligence to detect psyllids, the tiny insects that carry the disease.

You can learn more about that research at UF/IFAS News:
https://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/news/2019/05/01/ai-could-help-citrus-growers-find-detect-dangerous-psyllids/

(Image: Orange juice being poured into a cup, with the words “Follow UF Citrus Research and Education Center on social media as we celebrate National OJ Day” and includes their Twitter account name, @UFIFASCitrusREC )

national_oj_day

The Neighborhood Gardener – April 2019

Earth Day is Monday, April 22. Happy spring, gardeners!

This month in The Neighborhood Gardener:

The smiling face of Daisy Thompson, a 36-year volunteerForty Years of Memories – April is National Volunteer Month, and as we continue to celebrate 40 years of the Master Gardener Volunteer Program, we’ve chosen to highlight five long-serving volunteers from around the state. Between these five there is more than a century of volunteer experience! Read more about these wonderful volunteers, all the work they have done, and their favorite Master Gardener Volunteer memories.

A white clover flower with a tiny beePollinator Cover Crops – Cover crops can really make a difference in the quality of the soil in your edible garden. They have the potential to improve the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the soil, supply nitrogen, reduce leaching of nutrients and pesticides, reduce erosion, mitigate damage from plant pests and/or reduce their population densities, and attract beneficial insects. It’s that last benefit—attracting beneficial insects—that many gardeners choose to focus on. Learn about cover crops that pollinators love to visit, like buckwheat, clover, vetch, and lupin.

State Master Gardener program coordinator Wendy WilberWendy’s Wanderings — April is national volunteer’s month and this week in April is volunteer’s week. This provides me with the platform to stand up and proclaim that the Florida Master Gardener Volunteers are doing amazing volunteer work. Volunteering has its benefits to the person who gives back, too. Research demonstrates that volunteering leads to better health. In fact, the more you volunteer the happier you are. We know that Master Gardener Volunteers are life-long learners and continuing their education is one of the biggest benefits that Florida MGVs enjoy.

Small red cone with tiny yellow flower emerging from its sidePlant of the Month: Spiral Gingers — Gingers are typically low-maintenance plants with attractive foliage and long-lasting, colorful blooms that make great cut flowers. Plants in the Costus genus are often referred to as spiral gingers although the family (Costaceae) has been segregated from the true gingers (Zingiberaceae). Flower appearance with spiral gingers can vary; some form a rigid tube that is usually red to yellow in color, or they can be more open and spreading, in colors from white to pale pink. Learn more about this plant that adds a splash of tropical color to the Florida garden.

Posterboard display with the words Power to Pollinators on itGirl Scout Wins Gold with Pollinator Plan — The Girl Scout Gold Award represents the highest achievement in Girl Scouting. Emily Mayo with Troop 673 in Fort Myers is being recognized with the Gold Award for a project close to the hearts of many gardeners — advocating the importance of pollinators. She developed a lesson plan called “Power to Pollinators,” with help from UF/IFAS Extension Collier County and their Master Gardener volunteers.

A coleus plant with dark red foliageApril in Your Garden — April is the time to plant heat-tolerant annuals like coleus, while continuing to plant warm season edibles like sweet potatoes, Swiss chard, Southern peas, and beans.

Read the full April issue.

Or subscribe today, and receive it directly by e-mail.

The Neighborhood Gardener – March 2019

Spring is right around the corner, gardeners! (The first official day of Spring is March 20th.)

This month in The Neighborhood Gardener:

Pine straw mulch with bright green leaves of a plant peeking into the frameMulch Madness – Mulch is a magnificent addition to any landscape; it helps planting beds conserve moisture while also providing a beautiful texture and a bit of weed barrier. With so many types of mulch, it can be a bit overwhelming to decide which to choose. We help you decide which mulch is best—and which mulches may not be good—for your landscape. Learn which mulch is best to fill in your garden brackets.

A head of cabbage still in the groundCabbage – Did you know that St. Johns County leads the state in production of cabbage? Farmers call their busiest production time right before the holiday the “St. Paddy’s Day Push”! While it isn’t a good time for planting cabbage in Florida, it’s a great time for harvesting it in your garden or finding it freshly harvested from Florida farmers. Learn more about this vegetable so closely associated with St. Patrick’s Day.

State Master Gardener program coordinator Wendy WilberWendy’s Wanderings — The Florida Master Gardener Volunteer program is celebrating 40 years of service in 2019 and I will be highlighting several long-serving counties in this column. Brevard County on Florida’s Space Coast is home to Cape Canaveral, Cocoa Beach, and the UF/IFAS Brevard County Master Gardener Volunteers. Brevard is one of the original three counties that started their Master Gardener Volunteer program in 1979.

Three small white pinwheel-shaped flowersPlant of the Month: Crepe Jasmine — Crepe jasmine has abundant white flowers that are shaped much like a pinwheel. The flowers are particularly prominent in the warmer months of the year, but they stand out against the dark green, glossy evergreen leaves in any season. Forming a moderately dense, rounded, evergreen shrub that flowers even in filtered shade, this plant is a great addition to many gardens. Crepe jasmine plants thrive in Zones 9B to 11.

Sandhill crane's head and long curved neckFlorida Snowbirds — Quite a few birds can be seen migrating through Florida, and some even call our state home for the winter. While the term “snowbirds” can have more than one meaning, we’re referring to the feathered friends who flock to the state to enjoy a little warmth in the winter. Learn more about migratory birds who overwinter in Florida: sandhill cranes, cedar waxwings, and American robins.

Striped watermelon in the fieldMarch in Your Garden — North Florida gardeners are still experiencing winter, so hold off on planting those summer annuals just yet. Bulbs can be planted this month. In Central Florida, you can start replacing those declining winter plants with angelonia and gazania. Gardeners throughout the state can plant beans, squash, corn, and watermelon.

Read the full March issue.

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The Neighborhood Gardener – February 2019

Happy birthday…to us! The Florida Master Gardener program turns 40 this year.

This month in The Neighborhood Gardener:

Banana shrub flower is creamy white with waxy petalsGardening for Fragrance – Floral and herbal scents have been distilled and enjoyed indoors for centuries, and they can be equally delighting in the garden. Scent is one of the strongest human senses, and fragrant plants can add a new dimension to your landscape. With thoughtful planning and design, it’s not hard to create a pleasant fragrance garden. We have some plant suggestions for adding fragrance to your landscape.

Crabgrass uprooted and on concreteCrabgrass – As winter stretches on, you may find yourself with brown lawn areas that you swear were healthy green turf a few months ago. If so, the culprit is likely crabgrass. An important part of preventing crabgrass and other weeds from taking over your lawn is maintaining healthy turf. Unfortunately, once crabgrass has germinated and begins to grow, there are very few or no herbicides available to homeowners or commercial applicators that can kill it without harming most types of turfgrass grown in Florida.

State Master Gardener program coordinator Wendy WilberWendy’s Wanderings — The Florida Master Gardener Volunteer program is celebrating 40 years of service in 2019 and I will be highlighting several long-serving counties in this column. The UF/IFAS Hillsborough County Master Gardener program was started in 1980 by the beloved Dr. Sydney Park Brown, and has been going strong ever since. More than 100 active Master Gardeners in Hillsborough County have created a beautiful demonstration garden, introduced thousands of children to agriculture, and so much more.

Frilly green parsley leafPlant of the Month: Parsley — Parsley is a bright green, versatile herb that looks good growing and tastes good too. Parsley contains vitamins A, C, and K as well as several B vitamins, calcium, and iron. You don’t need much space to grow parsley; it even grows well in containers. One idea would be to grow it in a container with other herbs. And here’s a fun fact you may not know about this herb — it’s a host plant for caterpillars of the black swallowtail butterfly.

Green palm frondPalm Leaf Morphology — Palms are an iconic Florida plant, and there are many species and varieties of these tropical emblems. As you admire these trees and shrubs, have you ever wanted to know the difference between the types of palm leaves? Learn more about pinnate, palmate, and costapalmate leaves.

Red rose blossomFebruary in Your Garden — Prune roses this month to remove damaged canes and improve the overall form. After pruning, fertilize and apply a fresh layer of mulch. Blooming will begin 8–9 weeks after pruning. Plant winter annuals like dianthus and verbena. Many bulbs can be planted now as well, like agapanthus and crinum. Continue planting cool-season vegetables, including potatoes.

Read the full February issue.

Or subscribe today, and receive it directly by e-mail.

World Wetlands Day

Florida wetlands

Today is World Wetlands Day. February 2 marks the 1971 date when 18 nations signed the Convention on Wetlands in the Iranian city of Ramsar (thus references to the “Ramsar convention” that usually accompany discussion about wetlands and their conservation). World Wetlands Day’s purpose is to raise global awareness about the vital role of wetlands for people and the planet.

The theme this year is Wetlands and Climate Change, drawing attention to wetlands as a natural solution to cope with climate change.

Chris Bird is the director of the Alachua County Environmental Protection Department. He described the importance of Florida’s wetlands: “In addition to functioning as nature’s kidneys by filtering water, wetlands are helping to make our landscapes more resilient to the effects of climate change such as extreme flooding and extended droughts.”

Since Florida became a state, we have lost 44% of our wetlands to draining and development. Wetlands provide many environmental, social, and economic benefits. These benefits include floodwater storage, protection from weather events, pollution control, drinking water recharge, fish and wildlife habitat, recreation, and tourism.

Florida has different types of wetlands. On the coast there tidal salt marshes and mangrove swamps; inland there are cypress swamps, freshwater marshes, and areas close to river and stream systems called riparian wetlands. The most well known wetlands in Florida, and perhaps the world, are the Everglades, 1.5 million acres of wetland in South Florida.

The base of cypress trees growing in water.
Cypress trees in a wetland swamp. UF/IFAS Photo by Camila Guillen.

To be classified as a wetland, an area of land must have water on the ground’s surface or in the root zone for at least a portion of the growing season. This seasonal fluctuation of the water period (known as a hydroperiod), is continually affected by the weather, the season, water feeding into and draining from nearby streams, the surrounding watershed and other nearby bodies of water.

Jennifer Weeks with The Conversation shares some important resources about World Wetlands Day in her article “Protecting the world’s wetlands: Five essential reads.”

UF/IFAS has an incredibly informative (albeit outdated) website that goes into more detail about Florida’s wetland systems (and we do mean outdated; the last update was in 2009).

For a truly international viewpoint, visit the Ramsar Convention website, https://www.worldwetlandsday.org/.

The Neighborhood Gardener – January 2019

White frangipani blooms this month in South Florida

Happy New Year, gardeners!

This month in The Neighborhood Gardener:

pink and white turnip emerging from soilTurnip the Fun in Your Garden – Turnips are quick-growing, cool weather vegetables that are very nutritious. Some turnip varieties produce delicious roots, while others produce delightful greens. If you are hoping to start your new year off on a sustainable note, you can cultivate one of the turnip varieties that produces both enjoyable roots and greens, cutting down on vegetable waste. However you eat them, turnips are a great way to “turn up” the fun in your garden.

White flowerNighttime Gardens – Gardening for the day is common. Deliberately gardening for the night can take a little reframing, but is well worth it. White and silver plants can really shine in the moonlight. Some flowers are only fragrant at night, adding another sensory dimension to your evening garden experience. The final element to bring your nighttime garden together is the lighting; whether you consult a professional or carefully string your own fairy lights, additional illumination is an important part of making your night garden glow.

State Master Gardener program coordinator Wendy WilberWendy’s Wanderings — What does a Mississippi paddleboat have to do with one of the most successful horticulture programs in Florida? Many Master Gardener Volunteers know that the MG program began in Florida in 1979, but they might not know how the idea was introduced. As we celebrate the 40th anniversary of the Florida Master Gardener program, Wendy takes a look back.

Huge tree towering over housesPlant of the Month: Mahogany — Mahogany is best known as a hardwood, but it’s a beautiful tree in South Florida too! Mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni) casts a light, dappled shade on the ground below, making it a great shade tree for landscapes with enough room for it to thrive. Mahogany is native to southernmost Dade and Monroe counties and is currently listed as a state threatened species due to logging. However, it is readily available for purchase at many native nurseries in South Florida.

Leafy green peace lily plant with tropical white flowersIndoor Gardening Resolutions — With the start of 2019 we’re focusing on the resolutions gardeners can make for their indoor gardening. Maybe this is the year you bring a plant inside to grow. Perhaps you’re just hoping to maintain the plants you cultivated in the past. Or maybe you’re ready to diversify and try something new or a little more challenging in your indoor garden. Whatever your indoor gardening resolution, we have some guidance to offer to help your future be a little greener.

Small broccoli floret on the plantJanuary in Your Garden — Planting cool-weather vegetables and herbs is a great way to start out the new year. Vegetables like Irish potatoes, beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, mustard, and turnips can all be planted. Additionally herbs like tarragon, thyme, dill, fennel, and any mints will thrive in the cooler temperatures of the season.

Read the full January issue.

Or subscribe today, and receive it directly by e-mail.

A Look Towards the New Year

Happy New Year, gardeners! Here in Florida, we’re fortunate to have all 12 months to garden; there’s something to grow every month. But first, let’s take a look at the whole of 2019. What will the new year bring to us in terms of trends and new interests?

We gardeners are already pretty in tune with nature, but it looks like more people are finally getting the message. According to Garden Media Group, a marketing and public relations firm, people are turning their attention outwards. Last year was all about “self-care,” but 2019 will find people looking for external fulfillment, especially when it comes to the environment. Their Garden Trends Report 2019 is titled “Rooted Together – Reconnecting with the Natural World.”

planting_treeOne statistic in the report stood out – a return to volunteerism. More than a quarter of people between the ages of 18-34 volunteer, exceeding the national average, according to the Corporation for National and Community Services. If they’re interested in gardening, potential volunteers should consider the Master Gardener program. The Florida Master Gardener program has been assisting UF/IFAS Extension agents in providing research-based horticultural education to Florida residents for 40 years (yes, this year is our 40th anniversary! More on that in an upcoming post.).

Other gardening trends reflect our changing world in respect to technology and the environment.

Indoor Gardening – Reports show that Americans spend approximately 93% of their time either indoors or in a car. And with so many of us tied to our desks at work, interest in houseplants has soared. And for good reason – houseplants can make an indoor environment healthier.

A Focus on Flying Insects – or rather, the lack thereof. In “Silent Spring,” Rachel Carson warned us of bird die-offs due to the overuse of aerial pesticide sprays. Today, another “voice” is being silenced: pollinators and other flying insects. A recent German study shocked many when it reported a 75% drop in the number of flying insects in nature preserves over 30 years. Gardeners can fight this in their own backyards with insect gardens (not just attracting pollinators like butterflies), using native plants to encourage native insects, and to “go wild” – that is, let parts of your landscape naturalize to attract wildlife.

A toy dump truck with succulents planted in the backRoot to Stem – Gardeners are becoming interested in ways to produce less waste, and not just with composting (although that’s an excellent example). Instead of sending your trash off to be “recycled,” which uses a lot of energy in of itself, try “upcycling,” which is just a term for creative re-use of things you’d otherwise throw away. A good example would be using empty egg cartons as seed-starting containers.

Robo-gardening – scientists are using drones to assess crop damage, while soil-moisture sensors can reduce over-watering. Wireless plant monitoring systems are in development. And many gardeners are already using apps on their phones to help with plant choices and to tell them when certain foods are in season.

There were also less-serious trends, like the color mint becoming popular, and “moon gardening,” which we’ll actually be talking about in the upcoming Neighborhood Gardener newsletter.

Like many trends, these may be things you’ve been doing for years, but it’s always fun to guess what will be “hot” for the coming year. We’ll see if these trends bear out.

If you’re more interested in what you should be doing in the garden, the Gardening Calendar publications on the UF/IFAS Solutions for Your Life website gives Florida gardeners a monthly guide for what to plant and do in their gardens and includes links to useful gardening websites, all based on University of Florida research and expertise. Three different editions of the calendar provide specific tips for each of Florida’s climate zones—North, Central, and South.

A Year in Review

Say what you will about 2018, at least you can’t say it was boring.

In gardening, it was an interesting year, too. We thought we’d look back at the top ten articles from the UF/IFAS gardening website, Gardening Solutions. Florida gardeners were interested in a range of subjects, but edible gardening and native plants stood out.

firebush_butterfly500
Zebra longwing butterfly on native firebush. UF/IFAS.

The top articles, in order of page views, for January 1 through December 20:

  1. Vegetable Gardening by Season – An overview of what to plant when in the vegetable garden, plus timely chores by season.
  2. Landscaping in the Shade – Advice on how and what to plant in those parts of your yard that don’t receive the necessary six hours of sunlight that most flowering and edible plants require.
  3. Firebush – This native shrub blooms throughout much of the year, attracting both butterflies and hummingbirds with its tubular red flowers. Plus, it’s practically indestructible once established.
  4. Asiatic Jasmine – A low-maintenance groundcover that tolerates a wide range of conditions, including coastal areas (P.S. – not actually jasmine).
  5. Native Plants – Basically a list of the plants covered in Gardening Solutions that are native to Florida.
  6. Tomatoes – We’re actually surprised this one isn’t ranked higher. Perhaps we’re all getting the hang of growing tomatoes?
  7. Citrus – An overview of all types of citrus in Florida and how to grow it in the home landscape. Alas, harder than it used to be…
  8. Native Trees – Another list of natives, this time it’s the big guys.
  9. Ixora – This old South Florida favorite flowers throughout the year with plenty of sunlight.
  10. Different Pests, Different Damage – A breakdown of pests by the way they ruin your plants.

 

persian_shield
Beautiful, shade-loving Persian shield. UF/IFAS.